第五トラディショナルno.37 Strange Instruments

 

世界システム論、という考え方がある。

有史以来、世界全体を1つの社会システムとみなして中央(中核)・半周辺・周辺(周縁)の三要素にわけ、巨視的分析を試みる、というものだ。

現在、中央(中核)を成すもの、ヘゲモニー(覇権)を掌握している文化体もやがて周辺(周縁)の台頭にしたがって、周縁→中央、中央→周縁…と変化していく。

ポピュラー音楽の世界にも同じようなことが言える。
今で言えばインディーズ、アンダーグラウンドなものが、全体のシステムで言えば周辺・半周辺に相当している。

この周辺、半周辺の中から次の時代の中央を成すものが誕生していく。
第五トラディショナルで紹介した中からすれば、現在のヒップホップやR&Bの直接の祖と言える1920年Mamie Smithの”Crazy Blues”(cf. No.12; The 10s a century ago )は都市部黒人層のアンダーグラウンドなニーズに応えたものであった。

だが言うまでもなく、周辺・半周辺から中央へ、といった転換を経られずそのまま歴史のダイナミズムに埋もれていったものも数多い。

商業的な成功こそなかったものの、それらの音源に満ち満ちた音楽的好奇心、実験性というものは100年近くの時空、そして録音技術の限界を超えて我々に様々な示唆を与えてくれる。
本当に音楽を”スイング”させるのは、こういった部分に依るのではないだろうか。

そこで今回の第五トラディショナルは、ジャズその他の編成に珍しい・奇妙な楽器を取り入れ、より一層の音楽的”スイング”を求めたグループ、音源にフォーカスします。

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https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/traditionis-quinto/id587427944

 

 

 

一曲目はGoofusグーファスが登場。

1_goofusgoofus2022

The couesnophone, also known as the goofus or queenophone, is a free-reed musical instrument resembling a saxophone. Its reeds vibrate when the desired keys are activated and the player blows through a tube. French manufacturer Couesnon was awarded the patent no. 569294 in 1924 for an instrument that was described as a saxophone jouet (fr. "toy saxophone"). However, the couesnophone is a polyphonic instrument, while the saxophone is monophonic.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goofus)

 

演奏はGoofus Five

goofusfive

Back in 1924, Ed Kirkeby, the manager of the prestigious American dance band known as the California Ramblers, decided that a quintet of the band within the band would be an excellent novelty, especially for playing popular tunes of the day for dancers who preferred their music with a strong jazz flavour. So it came about that the Little Ramblers were formed; but like the parent band, they recorded only on Columbia. Finding their music was a success, Kirkeby secured contracts with other record companies under the name of the Five Birmingham Babies, and on Okeh as the Goofus Five.

Many people had no idea what a goofus was; to a few the word signified much the same ‘corny’, or out of date, behind the times, simple-minded, obvious. In a musical context, it indicated the strange instrument that looked like a saxophone but sounded like a mouth-organ. Adrian Rollini, the bass saxophonist with the California Ramblers, adapted the goofus for use with the jazz unit that Okeh records had become identified with it.

…This eccentricity meant nothing to the young people of those days who simply wanted lively dance music for their special gatherings; subjecting it to the keen eyes and ears of Sherlock Holmes-like discographical researchers was something for the future, something they could not have envisaged. (Nor could anyone paying three shillings – 15p – for a single 78 in 1926 or 1927 ever have dreamed that the excellence of the music, and its unique quality, would send the price of the originals up to around 20 pounds a copy nearly seventy years later!)
(redhotjazzarchive)

 

 

“Lazy Weather”
(Peter DeRose / Jo Trent)
June 15,1927    NYC, New York 

Okeh 40841

 

Goofus Five

Chelsea Quealy—trumpet
Abe Lincoln–trombone
Bobby Davis–clarinet–Sop.sax–alto sax
Sam Ruby–ten sax
Adrian Rollini–bass sax & goofus
Irving Brodsky—piano
Tommy Felline—banjo
Herb Weid–drums

 

 

 

二曲目はCelestaセレスタ

celesta

celestaとジャズの関係については以下に記しておきます。

…Since Earl Hines took it up in 1928, other jazz pianists have occasionally used the celesta as an alternative instrument.

In the 1930s, Fats Waller sometimes played celesta with his right hand and piano simultaneously with his left hand. Other notable jazz pianists who occasionally played the celesta include Meade "Lux" Lewis, Willie "The Lion" Smith, Art Tatum, Duke Ellington, Thelonious Monk, Buddy Greco played a celeste on his live albums. Oscar Peterson, McCoy Tyner, Sun Ra, Keith Jarrett, and Herbie Hancock.

A celesta provides the introduction to Someday You’ll Be Sorry, a song Louis Armstrong recorded for RCA, and is featured prominently throughout the piece.

A number of recordings Frank Sinatra made for Columbia in the 1940s feature the instrument (namely I’ll Never Smile Again), as do many of his albums recorded for Capitol in the 1950s (In the Wee Small Hours, Close to You and Songs for Swingin’ Lovers).

The instrument is used prominently in the introduction to the 1928 recording by Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five of Basin Street Blues.

(wikipedia)

演奏はEdmond Hall Celeste Quartet

edhallceleste

 

 

“Celestial Express”
February 5, 1941 NYC NewYork
17-A R3462A-2

 

Edmond Hall Celeste Quartet (1941)
Edmond Hall (cl)
Meade "Lux" Lewis (celeste)
Charlie Christian (g)
Israel Crosby (b)

 

 

三曲目はバロック時代に有名な作品の多いCembalo

cembalo

 

演奏はArtie Shaw率いるGramercy5

artieshaw

Artie Shaw (born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky; May 23, 1910 – December 30, 2004) was an American clarinetist, composer, and bandleader. Also an author, Shaw wrote both fiction and non-fiction.

Widely regarded as "one of jazz’s finest clarinetists,"[1] Shaw led one of the United States’ most popular big bands in the late 1930s through the early 1940s. Their signature song, a 1938 version of Cole Porter’s "Begin the Beguine", was a wildly successful single[citation needed] and one of the era’s defining recordings. Musically restless, Shaw was also an early proponent of Third Stream, which blended classical and jazz, and recorded some small-group sessions that flirted with be-bop before retiring from music in 1954.
(wikipedia)

“Special Delivery Stomp”
(artie shaw)
September 3, 1940 Hollywood, Ca
VICTOR 26762A

Artie Shaw & His Gramercy Five

Artie Shaw – clarinet
Billy Butterfield – trumpet
Al Hendrickson – amplified guitar
Johnny Guarnieri – harpsichord
Jud DeNaut – bass
Nick Fatool – drums

 

 

 

最後は時代をだいぶ下りますが

Perrey And Kingsley

Perreyand Kingsley

The musical duo Perrey and Kingsley (Jean-Jacques Perrey, b. 1929and Gershon Kingsley, b. 1922) are pioneers in the field of electronic music. Before their collaboration, starting in 1965, electronic music was considered to be purely avant-garde. They were among the first to create electronic music for the general public.

(wikipedia)

“One Note Samba”

 

彼らの愛機といえば、初期Moog

Moog

次回は6/4(火)配信予定です!

ゲストはエッセイストの華恵さんです!!!

484983_294722603978134_515317138_n

http://www.hanae-orihime.com/

バックナンバーはこちら

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ジョン・ゾーンズ・コブラ東京作戦 日本国憲法記念!! 超法規部隊

一樂誉志幸 ドラムス
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岸田年雅 ドラムス、パーカッション
小春(チャラン・ポ・ランタン ) アコーディオン
坪口昌恭 ピアノ、シンセサイザー
高橋結子 パーカッション
菱沼尚生 チューバ
ファルコン ギター
松本 健一 サックス、尺八
類家心平 トランペット
渡邊恭一 サックス、クラリネット

プロンプター 巻上公一

OPEN/START 18:30/19:00
ADV/DOOR ¥3000+D/¥3500+D
チケット発売日 : 2013年4月3日(水)

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