第五トラディショナルno. 14 Rhythm is Our Business

10年代、20年代、と続いて今回は30年代のビッグバンド。

それも特に目立ってリズムの良いバンド、音源を紹介します。

そしてリズムという一種の魔法、共通言語とも言えるものが、

如何にトラディショナルとして連綿と続いてきたのか、

敢えて遡行することで迫っていきます。

 

 

iTunes等でのpodcast登録はこちらのアドレスをご利用下さい。

引き続き阿部寛さん、加藤亜依さんにご参加いただいております。

 

 

 

 

1曲目はJimmie Lunceford

jimmie

Jimmie Lunceford

(June 6, 1902 – July 12, 1947) will long be remembered as the leader of a swinging big band that rivaled on record, and exceeded in person, the orchestras of Duke Ellington, Benny Goodman and Count Basie.

His band differed from many of the other big bands of the 1930s and 1940s in that Lunceford’s group was noted less for its soloists than for its ensemble work.

Furthermore, most bands of the period used a four-beat rhythm while the Lunceford Ork developed a distinctive two-beat swing often played at medium tempo.

The unique sound became known during the Swing era as the Lunceford two-beat.

(swingmusic.net)

ちなみにランスフォードはテネシー州にある黒人のために設立された初の大学、

フィスク大学出身だそうです。

この学校は次回に関わってくるので、ぜひ心にお留めおきください

 

 

‘Tain’t What You Do (It’s The Way That You Do It)

(Oliver, Young, arr. Oliver) (V by Oliver and Young)

March 1 1939  NYC, New York

23905-1

 

Lunceford (leader)

Ted Buckner, Willie Smith, Dan Grissom(altos)

Joe Thomas (tenors)

Earl Carruthers (bsax)

Sy Oliver, Eddie Tompkins, Paul Webster (trumpets)

Russell Bowies, Elmer Crumbley,

James Trummy " Young (trombone)

Al Norris (gtr)

Moses Allen (bass)

James Craw- ford (ds)

 

 

 

 

 

2曲目はChick Webb

chickwebb

William Henry Webb, usually known as Chick Webb

(February 10, 1905 – June 16, 1939) was an American jazz and swing music drummer as well as a band leader.

…Webb was born in Baltimore, Maryland to William H. and Marie Johnson Webb.

From childhood, he suffered from tuberculosis of the spine, leaving him with short stature and a badly deformed spine.

He supported himself as a newspaper boy to save enough money to buy drums, and first played professionally at age 11.

…He became one of the best-regarded bandleaders and drummers of the new "Swing" style.

Drumming legend Buddy Rich cited Webb’s powerful technique and virtuoso performances as heavily influential on his own drumming, and even referred to Webb as "the daddy of them all"

(wikipedia)

 

 

" STOMPIN’ AT THE SAVOY "

Chick Webb’s Savoy Orchestra


Mario Bauza, Reunauld Jones, Taft Jordan (trumpet)

Sandy Williams (trombone)

Pete Clark, Edgar Sampson (alto sax , clarinet)

Elmer Williams (tenor sax)

Joe Steele (piano)

John Trueheart (banjo,guitar)

John Kirby (bass)

Chick Webb (drums, leader)

 

Edgar Sampson (arr)

 

 

 

3曲目はErskin Hawkins

erskine-hawkins

Erskine Ramsay Hawkins

(July 26, 1914 – November 11, 1993)was an American trumpet player and big band leader from Birmingham, Alabama, dubbed "The 20th Century Gabriel".

He is most remembered for composing the jazz standard "Tuxedo Junction" (1939) with saxophonist and arranger Bill Johnson.

The song became a popular hit during World War II, rising to #7 nationally (version by the Erskine Hawkins Orchestra) and to #1 nationally (version by the Glenn Miller Orchestra).

(wikipedia)

Jazz trumpeter, Erskine Hawkins, was born in Birmingham, Alabama July 26, 1914.

A talented high-note trumpeter and a popular bandleader, Erskine Hawkins was nicknamed “The 20th Century Gabriel.”

He learned drums and trombone before switching to trumpet when he was 13, and was one of five inaugural inductees into the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame in 1978.

He also became on of the principal influences on a young rhythm and blues piano player named Ray Charles.

(all about jazz)

 


“Tuxedo Junction”

(Bill Johnson, Julian Dash, and Erskine Hawkins)

Erskine Hawkins & His Orchestra

18 July 1939,NYC New York

 

 

 

 

 

そして最後に

30年代Alan Lomax親子のフィールドレコーディングによる

Ring Shout

slavery

A shout or ring shout is an ecstatic, transcendent religious ritual, first practiced by African slaves in the West Indies and the United States, in which worshipers move in a circle while shuffling and stomping their feet and clapping their hands.

Despite the name, shouting aloud is not an essential part of the ritual.

The ring shout was practiced in some African American churches into the 20th century, and it continues to the present among the Gullah people of the Sea Islands.

 

“リングシャウト”または”シャウト”は恍惚的で超越的な宗教的儀式である。

初めに西インド諸島および合衆国のアフリカ系奴隷で実践されたその儀式においては、参列者は手をたたき、足を踏み鳴らし、そして輪になって動き続ける。

しかしその名前にも関わらず、大声で叫ぶことはこの儀式の重要な部分ではない。

リングシャウトはアフリカ系アメリカ人の教会において20世紀に至るまで行われ、

現代においてもSea Island(アメリカ南部、ジョージア州一帯の沿岸諸島)の

Gullah Peopleによって継承されている。

 

 

 

 

”Good Lord (Run Old Jeremiah)”

By Austin Coleman, Joe Washington Brown & Group.

Alan Lomax field recording, 1934

By myself. (5)

You know I’ve got to go.

You got to run.

I’ve got to run.

You got to run.

By myself. (3)

I got a letter, (2)

Ol’ brownskin.

Tell you what she say.

"Leavin’ tomorrow,

Tell you goodbye."

O my Lordy. (6)

Well, well, well. (2)

O my Lord. (2)

O my Lordy. (2 )

Well, well, well. (2 )

I’ve got a rock.

You got a rock.

Rock is death.

O my Lordy.

O my Lord.

Well, well, well.

Run here, Jeremiah. (2)

I must go

On my way. (4)

Who’s that ridin’ the chariot? (2)

Well, well, well . . .

(New Leader:)

One mornin’

Before the evening

Sun was goin’ down (3)

Behind them western hills. (3)

Old number 12

Comin’ down the track. (3)

See that black smoke.

See that old engineer.

See that engineer. (2)

Tol’ that old fireman

Ring his ol’ bell

With his hand.

Rung his engine bell. (2)

Well, well, well. (2 )

Jesus tell the man,

Say, I got your life

In My Hand;

I got your life

In My Hand. (2 )

Well, well, well.

0l’ fireman told,

Told that engineer,

Ring your black bell,

Ding, ding, ding,

Ding, ding, ding, ding.

0l’ fireman say

……..

 

次回は6/26配信予定です!

バックナンバーはこちら

 

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

最後に度々の宣伝で恐縮ですが、

参加しているジェントルフォレストジャズバンドで

6/27(水)に新譜が出ます!

 

JKT_12s

GENTLE FOREST JAZZ BAND 2nd ALBUM

『ハイ・プレゼント』 MR-014 ¥2,500(税込)

2012.06.27.on sale

どうぞ宜しくお願いします!

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