第五トラディショナルno.12 The 10s a century ago

今回から数回に亘って、第五トラディショナルは

都内某所にある美人SP蒐集家/打楽器奏者の加藤亜衣さんのご自宅から、

紛う方なき”宴の時間”をお送りします。

 

そして同じくトラディショナルジャズをモットーに、ギター/バンジョー奏者として数々のレコーディング、コンサートを残してきた阿部寛さんも、向かいのソファーから緊急参戦しています。

 

最初にして最強の”客”を迎えた、いや迎えられたダニー・スミスとわたし、

第五トラディショナルは果たしてどこへ行くのだろうか?

 

結論から述べると最強は愛猫ムウだった、という事実。

どうぞ今月もお聴き逃しなく。

 

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

 

今回は100年前のテン年代。1910年代の音楽シーンを追っていきます。

 

iTunes等でのpodcast登録はこちらのアドレスをご利用下さい。

 

1組目はJim Europeのラグタイムオーケストラ、

写真は the 369th Infantry Regiment a.k.a. “Harlem Hell Fighters”

hellfighters2

JREur

James Reese Europe

(22 February 1881 – 9 May 1919) was an American ragtime and early jazz bandleader, arranger, and composer.

He was the leading figure on the African American music scene of New York City in the 1910s.

(wikipedia)

James Reese Europe could hardly have been more aptly named.

As the leader of the 369th Infantry Jazz Band, also known as the "Hellfighters"

He introduced the sounds of American ragtime to Europeans during the World War I.

Although his career was brief, he profoundly influenced the course of popular music, not just in the United States but throughout the world.

Yet his name probably would not arouse much of a response among jazz fans.

(red hot jazz archive)

 

 

 

演奏はニューヨークでEuropeが率いて名声を得た

Society Orchestra

eso

”Castle House Rag”

(James Reese Europe)

February 10, 1914   NYC, New York

Victor 35372-B

Edgar Campbell    Clarinet

Tracy Cooper    Violin

James Reese Europe    Leader

Buddy Gilmore    Drums

Ford Dabney    Piano

Walker Scott    Violin

Cricket Smith    Cornet

George Smith    Violin

Leonard Smith    Piano

5 unknown    Banjo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2曲目はOriginal Dixieland Jass Band (“ODJB”)

Original Dixieland Jazz Band

The Original Dixieland Jass Band (ODJB) were a New Orleans, Dixieland jazz band that made the first jazz recordings in early 1917.

Their "Livery Stable Blues" became the first jazz single ever issued. The group composed and made the first recordings of many jazz standards, the most famous being Tiger Rag.

In late 1917 the spelling of the band’s name was changed to Original Dixieland Jazz Band.

The band consisted of five musicians who previously had played in the Papa Jack Laine bands, a diverse and racially integrated group of musicians who played for parades, dances, and advertising in New Orleans.

ODJB billed itself as the Creators of Jazz, because it was the first band to record jazz commercially and to have hit recordings in the new genre.

Band leader and trumpeter, Nick LaRocca, argued that ODJB deserved recognition as the first band to record jazz commercially and the first band to establish jazz as a musical idiom or genre.(wikipedia)

 

 

The Original Dixieland Jazz Band, who billed themselves "The Creators of Jazz", have long been been dismissed as the White guys who copied African-American music, and called it their own.

There is a lot of truth to that statement, but on the other hand, The Original Dixieland Jazz Band’s recordings still hold their own unique charm, over 80 years after their initial release.

(red hot jazz archive)

さすがに、red hotは冷静な印象です。

”ODJBは永らくジャズの創始者と称して、アフリカ系アメリカ人の音楽を真似し、自分のものと主張していた白人連中、と蔑まれてきたが、彼らの主張には真実の部分もまた多くある。

彼らの録音にはリリースから80年の時を経ても変わらない魅力があるのだ”

 

 

“Livery Stable Blues”

(Ray Lopez / Yellow Nuoz )

Feb 26 1917 NYC, New York

Victor 18255-B

Nick LaRocca   cornet

Eddie Edwards   trombone

Larry Shields   clarinet

Henry Ragas   piano

Tony Spargo   drums

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3曲目はMamie Smith

Mamie Smith Crazy Blues  1920 Perry Bradford

写真はPerry Bradford

Mamie Smith 

(May 26, 1883 – September 16, 1946) was the first to record blues songs in 1920 with her versions of Perry Bradford’s "Crazy Blues", and "It’ s Right Here for You" on Okeh Records.

The record was a wild success, selling over a million copies in less than a year, and finally ending up selling over two million copies.

After this it dawned on record companies that there was a lot of money to be made selling what was then called "race records" to various minority groups in big cities.

red hot jazz archive

 

“Crazy Blues”

(Perry Bradford)

August 10 1920 NYC, New York

Okeh4169-A

 

Johnny Dunn  cornet

Dope Andrews   trombone

Ernest Elliott clarinet 

Leroy Parker violin  

Willie “The Lion”Smith  piano

 

 

マミー・スミスといえば、もう一つの功績に

ジャズテナーサキソホンに於いてレスター・ヤングと双璧を成す

(というか、スイング時代においては完全にホークの方がドミナントでしたが)

コールマン・ホーキンスを”発見”したことが挙げられます。

 

1921年のツアーの際、16歳のホークを聴いた彼女がスカウト。

この時は両親の反対で参加はできなかったそうですが、翌年同地を訪ねた際に再打診、果たして参加、となったそうです。

ホークはすぐさま"Saxophone Boy"と銘打たれ好評を博したそうです。

 

この頃の音源をred hot jazz archiveより引用しておきます。

”You’ve Got To See Mamma Ev’ry Night

(Or You Can’t See Mamma At All)”

realplayer required

 

スラップタンギングを利かせたホットなホークが間奏をとっています。

 

 

 

 

 

 

次回は6/11配信予定です!

バックナンバーはこちら

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