第五トラディショナルno.6 Heaven and Hell in the American Music










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一曲目は20年代"King Of Jazz"の名前を欲しいままにした白人楽団Paul Whiteman Orchestra



Sax Socktette


Beau Hunks - Whiteman Soctette























“…The era of the great dance bands embraces a period that began to develop just before the 1920s, reached its peak in the early forties, and declined into relative obscurity by the late fifties.” Leo Waker

Two of the big bands before “swing was king” were led by Paul Specht (1916) and Paul Whiteman (1918).

As Walker notes, Paul Specht was also “the first to have a ‘band within a band’…a six-piece group called ‘The Georgians…which was featured not only on personal appearances but on records.”

According to Brian Rust’s book, The American Dance Band Discography 1917-1942 (see DISCOGRAPHY, Rust ), Whiteman later fielded similar units:

“small jazz-orientated groups from within the main orchestra (as by the Virginians, Busse’s Buzzards, Paul Whiteman’s Bouncing Brass, Swinging Strings, Sax Socktette and Woodwinds)”.

(“MOST of the BANDS” by Fred Spencer )


During the 1938/39 season, the Whiteman band had a weekly job on The Chesterfield Program, a very popular radio show sponsored by Chesterfield cigarettes.

In these shows Whiteman presented the various sections of his large orchestra as independent groups.

He had special arrangements made for "The Bouncing Brass," "The Singing Strings," "The Swing Wing," "The Woodwind Ensemble" and the "Sax Soc-tette."

The extremely virtuoso arrangements for this Soc-tette were made by Nathan Van Cleave for a lineup of nine saxes doubling on clarinets, accompanied by two guitars, bass and drums.

Four of these Soc-tette recordings were released on 78rpm discs: "Blue Skies"/"What’ll I Do?" [Decca 2698] and "I Kiss Your Hand, Madame"/"After You’ve Gone" [Decca 2467, both recorded 4/7/39]. Van Cleave also arranged Irving Berlin’s "Tell Me, Little Gypsy" and "Crinoline Days" [Decca 2694] for the Woodwind Ensemble with a lineup of clarinets, bass clarinets, flutes, oboe, bassoon and rhythm section.

(Jazz Profile)


ちなみにこのアレンジャー、Nathan Van Cleaveはジョージ・ガーシュインらと並んで、シリンガーシステムのJoseph Schillingerに師事していたそうです。




"Blue Skies"

(Irving Berlin)

April 7, 1939    New York, New York

Decca 2698 

A Paul Whiteman’s Sax Soctette

Members of Paul Whiteman’s Band

Art Ryerson – guitar

Tony Gottuso – guitar

Dave Barbour – guitar




(“ON THE AIR”Paul Whitman’s Orchestra) 要RealPlayer








Fife And Drum musicの世界に参りました。




One of the most interesting types of black music to have been recorded in recent years is the fife and drum band.

Such a group was first found in 1942 by Alan Lomax near Sledge, Mississippi.1 Its instrumentation consisted of a cane fife, two snares, and a bass drum.

Yet these same four musicians could also constitute themselves as a string band of violin, banjo, guitar, and bass drum, and on two recordings one or more of the drums were played with the four- or ten-hole panpipes, known amongst most black musicians as "quills."






"When The Saints Go Marchin’ In"


Sep 4, 1970  Senatobia Mississippi

Napoleon Strickland (vo, fife)

Jimmie Buford (Kettle drum)

R.L. Boyce (Bass Drum)




2曲目は上記引用にある、Alan Lomaxが録音したものです。

"Emaline, Take Your Time"

August 15, 1942   Sledge Mississippi


Sid Hemphill (10-note quills and vocal effects)

probably Will Head (drum)









マネの作品に"Le Fifre"ファイフ吹き(1866)というものがありましたね。

















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